Tagalog Ayaw, Gusto, Kaya, Kailangan + Basic Form

The doer is expressed as a Ng phrase (p. 59).

If the word preceding the basic form ends in a vowel or /n/, -ng may be added to it. See also: Na/-ng (p. 28)

Gustong kumain ni Pedro.

Gusto ni Pedrong kumain.

Gusto ni Pedro kumain.

Pedro wants to eat.

Kayang magluto’ ni Pedro.

Kaya ni Pedrong magluto’.

Kaya ni Pedro magluto’.

Pedro can cook.

The doer is expressed as a Ng phrase, even when the basic form is a doer-POD verb.

Gustong kumain ni Pedro ng mangga.


Pedro wants to eat a mango / some mangoes.

Gustong kainin ni Pedro ang mangga.


Pedro wants to eat the mango.

Gustong sulatan ni Pedro ang teacher.


Pedro wants to write the teacher.

See also: Roles of the POD (p. 89)

Please respect copyright. Learn more

This grammar guide is part of the Learning Tagalog Course.
Do you want to speak Tagalog fluently?

Try the course

“I got a copy of your book and I love it. It’s really the best I’ve come across.”
— Martin Kelemenis, Geneva, Switzerland