Welcome back! In this video, we’ll practice using enclitic words.
Do you remember these sentences from one of the previous videos?
Merong kotse ang doktor.
Maraming kaibigan si Jen.
Walang bisikleta iyon.
Well, none of them contain enclitic words.
Now, let’s have a look at what happens with enclitic words.
What if we wanted to combine merong kotse with ako, and ako is enclitic?
Then we get Meron akong kotse.
I have a car.
Notice that ako now comes second and that the linker in merong is
now attached to ako instead. Meron akong kotse.
Maraming kaibigan with
ka, and ka is enclitic.
This becomes Marami kang kaibigan.
You have many friends.
The same thing happens, the linker in maraming is moved to ka.
Marami kang kaibigan.
with siya gives Wala’ siyang bisikleta. He or
she doesn’t have a bicycle.
Again, the same happens. Siya takes the -ng linker instead of wala’.
Many of these enclitic words are very common. So it often happens that you have more
than one in a row. For example:
Wala’ ka na bang bisikleta?
Literally: Have no you anymore [question word with a linker] bicycle?
In natural English: You don’t have a bicycle anymore?
The linker -ng went all the way to the last enclitic word ba. Note
that the enclitic words follow a particular order. Ka has the highest
priority. You can see this in the table in the PDF you downloaded.