In this video, we’ll talk about the three groups of phrases in Tagalog, the Ang, Ng and Sa phrases.
So far in the videos we’ve encountered only Ang phrases, such as ka, ang
babae, si Jen and ito.
Now, these Ang phrases have a corresponding Ng phrase and a corresponding Sa phrase.
Let’s look at the Ng phrases. For ka it’s mo, for ang babae
it’s ng babae, for si Jen it’s ni Jen and for ito
And the corresponding Sa phrases are sa iyo, sa babae, kay
Jen and dito.
Let’s look at an example of how they are used.
Kumain ng isda’ ang turista sa beach.
Literally: Ate [Ng marker] fish the tourist on beach.
In natural English: The tourist ate (some) fish on the beach.
Here, you can see that the tourist is an Ang phrase, the fish is a Ng phrase and the
beach is a Sa phrase. With the verb kumain, the Ang phrase is the
doer of the action. That means, the tourist is the one who ate something. The
Ng phrase is the thing that was eaten. In other words, it’s the object of the
action. The Sa phrase here, is the place where the action happened. So we know
the tourist ate fish on the beach.
What happens if we reverse the Ang and Ng markers?
Then we get:
Kumain ang isda’ ng turista sa beach.
Literally: Ate the fish [Ng marker] tourist on beach.
In natural English: The fish ate a tourist on the beach.
As you can see, the meaning changes depending on which phrases are used.