Indicating Possession or Non-possession

May maganda si Fred.

Merong maganda si Fred.

Fred has something (that’s) pretty.

May kinain si Fred.

Merong kinain si Fred.

Fred ate something.

Lit. Fred had something eaten.*

Maraming kinain si Fred.

Fred ate a lot.

Lit. Fred had a lot of things eaten.

Walang kinain si Fred.

Fred ate nothing.

Fred didn’t eat anything.

Lit. Fred had nothing eaten.

* May (had some) kinain (thing eaten) si Fred.

May pinuntahan si Fred.

Merong pinuntahan si Fred.

Fred went somewhere.

Lit. Fred had some place gone to.

Maraming pinuntahan si Fred.

Fred went to many places.

Lit. Fred had many places gone to.

Walang pinuntahan si Fred.

Fred went nowhere.

Fred didn’t go anywhere.

Lit. Fred had no place gone to.

May ginawa’ si Fred.

Merong ginawa’ si Fred.

Fred did something.

Lit. Fred had something done.

May ginagawa’ si Fred.

Merong ginagawa’ si Fred.

Fred is doing something.

Lit. Fred has something being done.

May gagawin si Fred.

Merong gagawin si Fred.

Fred is going to do something.

Also: Fred has something to do.

Lit. Fred has something that will be done / to be done.

Maraming gagawin si Fred.

Fred is going to do a lot of things.

Also: Fred has a lot of things to do.

Lit. Fred has a lot of things that will be done / to be done.

Walang gagawin si Fred.

Fred isn’t going to do anything.

Also: Fred has nothing to do.

Lit. Fred has nothing that will be done / to be done.

See also: Verbs, adjectives etc. used as nouns (p. 85)

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