Tagalog Verbs, Adjectives etc. Used as Nouns

Verbs, adjectives and other parts of speech may also be used as nouns. Examples:

verb/​adjective/​etc.

noun

kumain

to eat, ate

ang kumain

the one who ate

maganda

pretty

ang maganda

the pretty one

nasa school

in school

ang nasa school

the one in school

may kotse

has a car

ang may kotse

the one who has a car

akin

mine

ang akin

the one that is mine

verb/​adjective/​etc.

kumain

to eat, ate

noun

ang kumain

the one who ate

verb/​adjective/​etc.

maganda

pretty

noun

ang maganda

the pretty one

verb/​adjective/​etc.

nasa school

in school

noun

ang nasa school

the one in school

verb/​adjective/​etc.

may kotse

has a car

noun

ang may kotse

the one who has a car

verb/​adjective/​etc.

akin

mine

noun

ang akin

the one that is mine

The verb/​adjective/​etc. may also be preceded by ng or sa. See also: Ng markers (p. 38), Sa markers (p. 41)

ng kumain

(of/by) the one who ate

sa kumain

(to etc.) the one who ate

Examples in plural form:

verb/​adjective/​etc.

noun

kumain

to eat, ate

ang mga kumain

the ones who ate

maganda

pretty

ang magaganda, ang mga magaganda

the pretty ones

verb/​adjective/​etc.

kumain

to eat, ate

noun

ang mga kumain

the ones who ate

verb/​adjective/​etc.

maganda

pretty

noun

ang magaganda, ang mga magaganda

the pretty ones

See also: Plurals (p. 65)

Sentences:

Bago ang nasa school.

The one in school is new.

Bago ang akin.

Mine is new.

Lit. The one that is mine is new.

Akin ang bago.

The new one is mine.

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