(-)Um- 1 : Tagalog Verb Affix

POD: doer

to do something (expresses various kinds of actions)
Note: (-)um- is placed before the first vowel of the root.

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

kain

eating

kumain

to eat

takbo

running

tumakbo

to run

lakad

walking

lumakad

to walk

sulat

writing, letter

sumulat

to write

pasok

entry

pumasok

to enter

punta

going

pumunta

to go

alis

departure

umalis

to leave

dating

arrival

dumating

to arrive

upo’

sitting

umupo’

to sit

gawa’

making

gumawa’

to make

iyak

crying

umiyak

to cry

bili

buying, buying price

bumili

to buy

kanta

song

kumanta

to sing

inom

drinking

uminom

to drink

root

kain

meaning

eating

root + affix

kumain

meaning

to eat

root

takbo

meaning

running

root + affix

tumakbo

meaning

to run

root

lakad

meaning

walking

root + affix

lumakad

meaning

to walk

root

sulat

meaning

writing, letter

root + affix

sumulat

meaning

to write

root

pasok

meaning

entry

root + affix

pumasok

meaning

to enter

root

punta

meaning

going

root + affix

pumunta

meaning

to go

root

alis

meaning

departure

root + affix

umalis

meaning

to leave

root

dating

meaning

arrival

root + affix

dumating

meaning

to arrive

root

upo’

meaning

sitting

root + affix

umupo’

meaning

to sit

root

gawa’

meaning

making

root + affix

gumawa’

meaning

to make

root

iyak

meaning

crying

root + affix

umiyak

meaning

to cry

root

bili

meaning

buying, buying price

root + affix

bumili

meaning

to buy

root

kanta

meaning

song

root + affix

kumanta

meaning

to sing

root

inom

meaning

drinking

root + affix

uminom

meaning

to drink

Aspects:

basic form

completed

uncompleted

unstarted

kumain

kumain

kumakain

kakain

tumakbo

tumakbo

tumatakbo

tatakbo

basic form

kumain

completed

kumain

uncompleted

kumakain

unstarted

kakain

basic form

tumakbo

completed

tumakbo

uncompleted

tumatakbo

unstarted

tatakbo

Sentences:

Kumain si Ping.

Ping ate.

Tumakbo si Yoli.

Yoli ran.

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