Common Uses of Tagalog Sa Pronouns

1. Only for personal pronouns and some demonstrative pronouns: Showing possession or belonging.

Sa kanya ang bag.

Kanya ang bag.

The bag is his/hers.

Akin ang bag.

The bag is mine.

Sa asong ito ang kumot.

The blanket belongs to this dog.

Lit. The blanket is this dog’s.

“Sa pronoun + -ng“ can be used as a formal alternative to a Ng pronoun showing possession (p. 52).

bag niya

kanyang bag

his/her bag (formal)

bag ko

aking bag

my bag (formal)

2. Indicating location or direction.

Kumain doon ang babae.

The woman ate there.

Pumunta doon ang babae.

The woman went there.

Pumunta sa kanya ang babae.

The woman went to him/her.

Pumunta sa asong iyon ang babae.

The woman went to that dog (far from you and me).

3. Marking the non-POD direction of an action. The direction of an action is the person or thing, for which or in whose direction the action is performed. A non-POD direction is a direction that is part of the News (p. 30) instead of the POD (p. 30).

Sumulat sa kanya ang babae.

The woman wrote (to) him/her.

Nagtanong sa kanya ang babae.

The woman asked him/her.

Nagtanong sa mga iyon ang babae.

The woman asked those (people) / them.

See also:

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