(-)Um- 3 : Tagalog Verb Affix

POD: doer

to become or get
Note: (-)um- is placed before the first vowel of the root.

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

taba’

fat (noun)

tumaba’

to get fat

payat

thin

pumayat

to get thin

laki

size

lumaki

to get big, to grow

tanda’

age, seniority in age

tumanda’

to get old

galing

skill

gumaling

to improve, to get better, to get well

root

taba’

meaning

fat (noun)

root + affix

tumaba’

meaning

to get fat

root

payat

meaning

thin

root + affix

pumayat

meaning

to get thin

root

laki

meaning

size

root + affix

lumaki

meaning

to get big, to grow

root

tanda’

meaning

age, seniority in age

root + affix

tumanda’

meaning

to get old

root

galing

meaning

skill

root + affix

gumaling

meaning

to improve, to get better, to get well

Aspects:

basic form

completed

uncompleted

unstarted

pumayat

pumayat

pumapayat

papayat

gumaling

gumaling

gumagaling

gagaling

basic form

pumayat

completed

pumayat

uncompleted

pumapayat

unstarted

papayat

basic form

gumaling

completed

gumaling

uncompleted

gumagaling

unstarted

gagaling

Sentences:

Pumayat si Gloria.

Gloria lost weight.

Gumaling si Manny.

Manny got better (became healthy again or became more skillful).

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