Pag-…-an 1, Pang-…-an: Tagalog Verb Affixes

POD: direction

to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

higanti

revenge

paghiganti­han

to take revenge on

himasok

meddling

panghimasu­kan

to meddle in

tawa

laughter

pagtawanan

to laugh at

sabi

something said

pagsabihan

to reprimand, to reproach, to admonish

root

higanti

meaning

revenge

root + affix

paghiganti­han

meaning

to take revenge on

root

himasok

meaning

meddling

root + affix

panghimasu­kan

meaning

to meddle in

root

tawa

meaning

laughter

root + affix

pagtawanan

meaning

to laugh at

root

sabi

meaning

something said

root + affix

pagsabihan

meaning

to reprimand, to reproach, to admonish

Aspects:

basic form

completed

uncompleted

unstarted

pagtawanan

pinagtawanan

pinapagtawanan

pinagtatawanan

papagtawanan

pagtatawanan

pagsabihan

pinagsabihan

pinapagsabihan

pinagsasabihan

papagsabihan

pagsasabihan

basic form

pagtawanan

completed

pinagtawanan

uncompleted

pinapagtawanan

pinagtatawanan

unstarted

papagtawanan

pagtatawanan

basic form

pagsabihan

completed

pinagsabihan

uncompleted

pinapagsabihan

pinagsasabihan

unstarted

papagsabihan

pagsasabihan

Sentences:

Pinagtawanan nila si Weng.

They laughed at Weng.

Pinagsabihan ng teacher si Robert.

Robert was reprimanded by the teacher.

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