Pa-…-an 1 : Tagalog Verb Affix

POD: object

to let, make or have someone do something

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

bukas

open

pabuksan

to have someone open something

palit

changing

papalitan

to have replaced

hugas

washing

pahugasan

to have someone wash something

laba

washing of clothes

palabhan

to have someone wash clothes

pinta

paint

papintahan

to have someone paint something

root

bukas

meaning

open

root + affix

pabuksan

meaning

to have someone open something

root

palit

meaning

changing

root + affix

papalitan

meaning

to have replaced

root

hugas

meaning

washing

root + affix

pahugasan

meaning

to have someone wash something

root

laba

meaning

washing of clothes

root + affix

palabhan

meaning

to have someone wash clothes

root

pinta

meaning

paint

root + affix

papintahan

meaning

to have someone paint something

Aspects:

basic form

completed

uncompleted

unstarted

papintahan

pinapintahan

pinapapintahan

pinapipintahan

papapintahan

papipintahan

pabuksan

pinabuksan

pinapabuksan

pinabubuksan

papabuksan

pabubuksan

basic form

papintahan

completed

pinapintahan

uncompleted

pinapapintahan

pinapipintahan

unstarted

papapintahan

papipintahan

basic form

pabuksan

completed

pinabuksan

uncompleted

pinapabuksan

pinabubuksan

unstarted

papabuksan

pabubuksan

Sentences:

Pinapintahan ni Fred ang dingding.

Fred had the wall painted.

Lit. “Had painted by Fred the wall.”

Pinapintahan ni Fred kay John ang dingding.

Fred had John paint the wall.

Lit. “Had painted by Fred by John the wall.”*

Pinabuksan ni Mildred ang box.

Mildred had the box opened.

* First “by…” – permitter/causer of action; Ng phrase (p. 59)
Second “by…” – person permitted or asked to perform the action; Sa phrase (p. 59)

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