-in 3 : Tagalog Verb Affix

POD: doer

to be affected or overtaken by a condition, feeling or phenomenon
Note: In this and a few other cases, the “doer of an action” is the person or thing experiencing the action, state or condition.

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

baha’

flood

bahain

to be flooded

bagyo

typhoon, storm

bagyuhin

to be overtaken by a storm

gabi

night

gabihin

to be overtaken by darkness or night, to be late (used in the evening/night)

tanghali’

noon

tanghaliin

to be overtaken by noon, to be late (used in the morning)

antok

sleepiness

antukin

to get sleepy

gutom

hunger

gutumin

to starve

uhaw

thirst

uhawin

to get thirsty

ginaw

cold

ginawin

to feel cold

sipon

a cold

sipunin

to catch or have a cold

atake

attack

atakihin

to have an attack of, to suffer an attack

kapos

insufficient

kapusin

to be (caught) short

root

baha’

meaning

flood

root + affix

bahain

meaning

to be flooded

root

bagyo

meaning

typhoon, storm

root + affix

bagyuhin

meaning

to be overtaken by a storm

root

gabi

meaning

night

root + affix

gabihin

meaning

to be overtaken by darkness or night, to be late (used in the evening/night)

root

tanghali’

meaning

noon

root + affix

tanghaliin

meaning

to be overtaken by noon, to be late (used in the morning)

root

antok

meaning

sleepiness

root + affix

antukin

meaning

to get sleepy

root

gutom

meaning

hunger

root + affix

gutumin

meaning

to starve

root

uhaw

meaning

thirst

root + affix

uhawin

meaning

to get thirsty

root

ginaw

meaning

cold

root + affix

ginawin

meaning

to feel cold

root

sipon

meaning

a cold

root + affix

sipunin

meaning

to catch or have a cold

root

atake

meaning

attack

root + affix

atakihin

meaning

to have an attack of, to suffer an attack

root

kapos

meaning

insufficient

root + affix

kapusin

meaning

to be (caught) short

Aspects:

basic form

completed

uncompleted

unstarted

sipunin

sinipon

sinisipon

sisipunin

bahain

binaha’

binabaha’

babahain

gabihin

ginabi

ginagabi

gagabihin

basic form

sipunin

completed

sinipon

uncompleted

sinisipon

unstarted

sisipunin

basic form

bahain

completed

binaha’

uncompleted

binabaha’

unstarted

babahain

basic form

gabihin

completed

ginabi

uncompleted

ginagabi

unstarted

gagabihin

Sentences:

Sinipon si John.

John caught a cold.

Binaha’ ang bahay.

The house was flooded.

Ginabi si Grace.

It was already dark/late in the evening/late at night when Grace did something.

Lit. Grace was overtaken by night (was late).

Ginabi ng dating si Grace.

It was already dark/late in the evening/late at night when Grace arrived.

Lit. Grace was overtaken by night (was late) in arriving.

Kinapos ng pera si John.

John ran short of money.

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