Tagalog Irregular Verbs

Some roots change forms when an affix is added to them. For example, a particular root may lose a vowel when -an or -in is added to it.

These changes are different from the usual sound changes that occur when combining roots and affixes. See also: Sound changes when combining roots and affixes (p. 25)

Below is a list of the most common irregular verbs.

The roots and root-affix combinations may have more meanings than the ones given here.

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

alaala

memory

alalahanin

to keep in mind, to take into account

bigay

something given

bigyan

to give to

bili

buying, buying price

bilhan

to buy for (to buy someone)

bilhin

to buy

bukas

open

buksan

to open

dala

something brought

dalhan

to bring for (to bring someone)

dalhin

to bring

dating

arrival

datnan

to catch or find on arrival

gawa’

something made

gawan

to make for (to make someone)

gawin

to make, to do

hingi’

asking (for something)

hingan

to ask from

hingin

to ask for

ihip

blowing

hipan

to blow on

iwan

leaving

iwan

iwanan

to leave, to leave something for

kinig

hearing

pakinggan

to listen to

kuha’

getting

kunan

to get or take for

kunin

to get or take

lagay

putting

lagyan

to put something in/on/at

sakay

riding, a ride

sakyan

to ride

sakit

pain

saktan

to hurt

sunod

following

sundan

to follow (somewhere)

sundin

to obey

takip

lid

takpan

to cover

tikim

tasting

tikman

to taste

tingin

look

tingnan

to look at

tira

living, residing

tirhan

to live in

root

alaala

meaning

memory

root + affix

alalahanin

meaning

to keep in mind, to take into account

root

bigay

meaning

something given

root + affix

bigyan

meaning

to give to

root

bili

meaning

buying, buying price

root + affix

bilhan

meaning

to buy for (to buy someone)

root + affix

bilhin

meaning

to buy

root

bukas

meaning

open

root + affix

buksan

meaning

to open

root

dala

meaning

something brought

root + affix

dalhan

meaning

to bring for (to bring someone)

root + affix

dalhin

meaning

to bring

root

dating

meaning

arrival

root + affix

datnan

meaning

to catch or find on arrival

root

gawa’

meaning

something made

root + affix

gawan

meaning

to make for (to make someone)

root + affix

gawin

meaning

to make, to do

root

hingi’

meaning

asking (for something)

root + affix

hingan

meaning

to ask from

root + affix

hingin

meaning

to ask for

root

ihip

meaning

blowing

root + affix

hipan

meaning

to blow on

root

iwan

meaning

leaving

root + affix

iwan

iwanan

meaning

to leave, to leave something for

root

kinig

meaning

hearing

root + affix

pakinggan

meaning

to listen to

root

kuha’

meaning

getting

root + affix

kunan

meaning

to get or take for

root + affix

kunin

meaning

to get or take

root

lagay

meaning

putting

root + affix

lagyan

meaning

to put something in/on/at

root

sakay

meaning

riding, a ride

root + affix

sakyan

meaning

to ride

root

sakit

meaning

pain

root + affix

saktan

meaning

to hurt

root

sunod

meaning

following

root + affix

sundan

meaning

to follow (somewhere)

root + affix

sundin

meaning

to obey

root

takip

meaning

lid

root + affix

takpan

meaning

to cover

root

tikim

meaning

tasting

root + affix

tikman

meaning

to taste

root

tingin

meaning

look

root + affix

tingnan

meaning

to look at

root

tira

meaning

living, residing

root + affix

tirhan

meaning

to live in

Tagalog grammar bookThis is the free online edition of Essential Tagalog Grammar: A Reference for Learners of Tagalog
Download Sample  |  Buy Ebook or Print Edition

“I got a copy of your book and I love it. It's really the best I've come across.”
— Martin Kelemenis, Geneva, Switzerland