Tagalog Adjective + Basic Form

bawal

(it’s) prohibited

Bawal manigarilyo.

It’s prohibited to smoke.

Smoking is prohibited.

madali’

(it’s) easy

Madaling magluto’.

It’s easy to cook.

Cooking is easy.

mahirap

(it’s) hard

Mahirap magluto’.

It’s hard to cook.

Cooking is hard.

magastos

(it’s) expensive

Magastos mag-upgrade.

It’s expensive to upgrade.

bawal

(it’s) prohibited

Bawal manigarilyo.

It’s prohibited to smoke.

Smoking is prohibited.

madali’

(it’s) easy

Madaling magluto’.

It’s easy to cook.

Cooking is easy.

mahirap

(it’s) hard

Mahirap magluto’.

It’s hard to cook.

Cooking is hard.

magastos

(it’s) expensive

Magastos mag-upgrade.

It’s expensive to upgrade.

nakakapagod

(it’s) tiring

Nakakapagod tumakbo.

It’s tiring to run.

nakakatakot

(it’s) frightening, scary

Nakakatakot mag-skydiving.

It’s frightening to skydive.

Skydiving is scary.

nakakaaliw

(it’s) amusing

Nakakaaliw panoorin ang pusa’.

It’s amusing to watch the cat.

nakakapagod

(it’s) tiring

Nakakapagod tumakbo.

It’s tiring to run.

nakakatakot

(it’s) frightening, scary

Nakakatakot mag-skydiving.

It’s frightening to skydive.

Skydiving is scary.

nakakaaliw

(it’s) amusing

Nakakaaliw panoorin ang pusa’.

It’s amusing to watch the cat.

mahilig

fond of

Mahilig magluto’ si Mary.

Mary is fond of cooking.

marunong

knowledgeable about (to know how)

Marunong magluto’ ang babae.

The woman knows how to cook.

sanay

experienced at, used to

Sanay magluto’ si Fred.

Fred is experienced at cooking.

magaling

good at

Magaling magluto’ si Fred.

Fred is good at cooking.

mahilig

fond of

Mahilig magluto’ si Mary.

Mary is fond of cooking.

marunong

knowledgeable about (to know how)

Marunong magluto’ ang babae.

The woman knows how to cook.

sanay

experienced at, used to

Sanay magluto’ si Fred.

Fred is experienced at cooking.

magaling

good at

Magaling magluto’ si Fred.

Fred is good at cooking.

In some cases, the basic form may be preceded by ang.

Bawal ang manigarilyo.

It’s prohibited to smoke.

Smoking is prohibited.

An adjective may also precede a basic form to express the way the action is characteristically performed by someone or something.

Mabilis tumakbo si Fred.

Fred is a fast runner.

Fred runs fast.

Malakas kumain si Fred.

Fred is a big eater.

Lit. Fred eats strongly.

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