Tagalog Recently Completed Aspect

Rules for indicating recently completed aspect:

affix

rule: remove affix, then add—

basic form

recently completed

recently completed (alternative)

(-)um-

ma-

mag-

  • kaka- or
  • ka- +rep1*

lumapit

mahulog

magluto’

kakalapit

kakahulog

kakaluto’

kalalapit

kahuhulog

kaluluto’

mag-

  • kakapag-, kapapag- or
  • kapag- +rep1

magluto’

kakapag­luto’

kapapag­luto’

kapaglu­luto’

mang-

  • kakapang-, kapapang- or
  • kapang- +rep1

mang­gamit

kakapang­gamit

kapapang­gamit

kapangga­gamit

magpa-

  • kakapa-, kapapa-, kapagpapa- or
  • kapa- +rep1

magpa­luto’

kakapa­luto’

kapapa­luto’

kapagpapa­luto’

kapaluluto’

affix

(-)um-

ma-

mag-

rule: remove affix, then add—

  • kaka- or
  • ka- +rep1*

basic form

lumapit

mahulog

magluto’

recently completed

kakalapit

kakahulog

kakaluto’

recently completed (alternative)

kalalapit

kahuhulog

kaluluto’

affix

mag-

rule: remove affix, then add—

  • kakapag-, kapapag- or
  • kapag- +rep1

basic form

magluto’

recently completed

kakapag­luto’

kapapag­luto’

recently completed (alternative)

kapaglu­luto’

affix

mang-

rule: remove affix, then add—

  • kakapang-, kapapang- or
  • kapang- +rep1

basic form

mang­gamit

recently completed

kakapang­gamit

kapapang­gamit

recently completed (alternative)

kapangga­gamit

affix

magpa-

rule: remove affix, then add—

  • kakapa-, kapapa-, kapagpapa- or
  • kapa- +rep1

basic form

magpa­luto’

recently completed

kakapa­luto’

kapapa­luto’

kapagpapa­luto’

recently completed (alternative)

kapaluluto’

* See also: Syllable repetition (p. 27)

Note:

1. Verbs in the recently completed form are followed by either lang (p. 319) or pa lang (p. 313).

Kakakain lang ni Chris.

Kakakain pa lang ni Chris.

Chris has just eaten.

Chris just ate.

2. The doer of the action is expressed as a Ng phrase (p. 59).

Kakakain lang ni Chris.

Chris has just eaten.

Chris just ate.

Kakakain lang nila.

They have just eaten.

They just ate.

3. The object of the action may be expressed as a Ng phrase (indefinite/definite) or a Sa phrase (p. 59) (definite).

Kakakain lang ni Chris ng mangga.

Chris just ate a/the mango.

Kakakain lang ni Chris sa mangga.

Chris just ate the mango.

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