Pagka-, Pagkaka-: Tagalog Noun Affixes

the act of having done the action expressed by the root; or,
the manner in which the action expressed by the root was performed

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

sabi

something said, saying

pagkasabi, pagkakasabi

having said, how something was said

ayos

order, arrangement, arranging

pagkaayos, pagkakaayos

having arranged, how something was arranged

root

sabi

meaning

something said, saying

root + affix

pagkasabi, pagkakasabi

meaning

having said, how something was said

root

ayos

meaning

order, arrangement, arranging

root + affix

pagkaayos, pagkakaayos

meaning

having arranged, how something was arranged

Sentences:

Maliwanag ang pagkakasabi ni Raphael.

Raphael said it clearly.

Lit. The way Raphael said it was clear.

Maganda ang pagkakaayos ng kwarto.

The room is/was nicely arranged.

Lit. The way the room was arranged is/was nice.

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