Ka-…-an 2 : Tagalog Noun Affix

an idea or quality expressed in a general, abstract way

root

meaning

root + affix

meaning

bata’

child (boy or girl)

kabataan

youth

ganda

beauty

kagandahan

beauty

bait

kindness

kabaitan

kindness

ligaya

happiness

kaligayahan

happiness

lungkot

sadness

kalungkutan

sadness

root

bata’

meaning

child (boy or girl)

root + affix

kabataan

meaning

youth

root

ganda

meaning

beauty

root + affix

kagandahan

meaning

beauty

root

bait

meaning

kindness

root + affix

kabaitan

meaning

kindness

root

ligaya

meaning

happiness

root + affix

kaligayahan

meaning

happiness

root

lungkot

meaning

sadness

root + affix

kalungkutan

meaning

sadness

Note: As roots expressing a quality may sound ambiguous, the affixed word is preferred in spoken Tagalog. Example:

ang ganda niya

her beauty

she’s so beautiful*

ang kagandahan niya

her beauty

* See also: Intensifiers and downtoners, Group 2 (p. 227)

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