Tagalog May, Mayroon/​Meron, Marami, Wala’: Overview

May, mayroon/​meron (meron in spoken Tagalog) and marami are used to indicate existence or possession. Wala’ indicates non-existence or non-possession.

May…

Merong

There is/are/was/were (a/some)….

has/have/had (a/some)…

Maraming

There are/were many….

There is/are/was/were a lot of….

has/have/had many…

has/have/had a lot of…

Walang

There is/are/was/were no….

has/have/had no…

May…

Merong

There is/are/was/were (a/some)….

has/have/had (a/some)…

Maraming

There are/were many….

There is/are/was/were a lot of….

has/have/had many…

has/have/had a lot of…

Walang

There is/are/was/were no….

has/have/had no…

Note: Meron, marami and wala’ are linked to the existing/non-existing or possessed/non-possessed object by -ng. See also: Na/-ng (p. 28)

Examples:

May aso.

Merong aso.

There is a dog.

May mangga.

Merong mangga.

There is a mango.

There are some mangoes.

Maraming aso.

There are many dogs.

Maraming asukal.

There’s a lot of sugar.

Walang aso.

There are no dogs.

May aso si Alfred.

Merong aso si Alfred.

Alfred has a dog.

May mangga si Alfred.

Merong mangga si Alfred.

Alfred has a mango.

Alfred has some mangoes.

Maraming aso si Alfred.

Alfred has many dogs.

Maraming pera si Alfred.

Alfred has a lot of money.

Walang aso si Alfred.

Alfred has no dogs.

Alfred doesn’t have a dog.

Note:

May susi’ si Fred.

Fred has a key.

Na kay Fred ang susi’.*

Fred has the key.

Lit. The key is with Fred.

* See also: Nasa (p. 255)

For other uses of wala’, see: Wala’ sa, wala’ rito (p. 259)

Tagalog grammar bookThis is the free online edition of Essential Tagalog Grammar: A Reference for Learners of Tagalog
Download Sample  |  Buy Ebook or Print Edition

“I got a copy of your book and I love it. It's really the best I've come across.”
— Martin Kelemenis, Geneva, Switzerland